As we have posted, there are four elements of lighting: Task, Accent, Decorative and Ambient.
Of the four Ambient is the most overlooked. Ambient is uplighting or light which illuminates the ceiling. It adds a dimension of color and texture to your room.
Kitchen: Let's look at a practical example...
Cornice lighting: Lighting the tops of cabinets or as displayed here. Basic undercabinet lights or any mini track systems can render this type of light.
Pendant: Any type of semi flush or uplighted pendant can light the ceiling.
Just remember before you blast away with 30 recessed cans, add some ambient lighting to your plan. It is simple to do and will soften and beautify the environment.